+44 (0) 121 582 0192 [email protected]


In an era where data flows as freely as water across borders, understanding and adhering to international data protection laws is not just advisable; it’s imperative. The stakes are high for US companies offering services or products to EU or UK citizens or profiling their data. Compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in the EU and its UK counterpart appointing  Representatives under UK/EU GDPR For US Companies for US Companies is legally necessary. This article delves into the critical requirement of appointing UK and EU GDPR Representatives under Article 27 of both legislations, a mandate often overlooked yet laden with significant risks if ignored.


The Legal Mandate: Article 27 of UK and EU GDPR

Article 27 of both the UK GDPR and EU GDPR explicitly states that non-EU entities that process the personal data of EU/UK residents in connection with offering goods or services or monitoring their behaviour must appoint a representative within the respective territories. This role serves as a local point of contact for supervisory authorities and data subjects.


Why Appoint a Representative?

  1. Legal Compliance: The absence of a legal entity in the EU/UK doesn’t exempt US companies from GDPR compliance. The representative is the company’s face in data privacy matters, ensuring adherence to local regulations.
  2. Risk Mitigation: Non-compliance can lead to substantial fines – up to 4% of annual global turnover or €20 million (whichever is higher) under the GDPR. A representative helps navigate the complex landscape, reducing the risk of penalties.
  3. Trust Building: Demonstrating commitment to data privacy by appointing a representative can enhance a company’s reputation, fostering trust among EU/UK consumers.


Publishing Representative Details: A Transparency Imperative

A vital aspect of compliance is transparency. US companies must prominently display the contact details of their EU/UK GDPR representatives on their website, particularly in the privacy notice. This openness aligns with GDPR’s ethos and reassures users that their data rights are being taken seriously.


Record of Processing Activities: The Accountability Factor

US businesses must maintain a detailed Record of Processing Activities (RoPA) and provide this to their GDPR representative. The RoPA should encompass the nature of data processing, data transfer mechanisms, and data protection impact assessments. This record is not only a GDPR requirement but also a crucial tool for the representative to effectively understand and advise on compliance measures.


The Challenge for US Companies

The primary challenge lies in understanding the nuances of GDPR and finding a competent representative. This task demands a thorough knowledge of data protection laws and practices, making it imperative for US companies to seek skilled professionals or organisations specialising in data privacy.


Key Takeaway

Appointing a GDPR representative is not just a legal formality; it’s a strategic move towards international compliance and business excellence. By doing so, US companies safeguard themselves against legal pitfalls and reinforce their commitment to data privacy. In conclusion, US businesses targeting EU/UK markets must diligently appoint and publicise their GDPR representatives. While seemingly administrative, this step is a cornerstone in building a compliant, trustworthy, and globally savvy enterprise.