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The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) stands as a beacon of regional collaboration, uniting ten diverse countries in a collective pursuit of economic growth, social progress, and cultural development. Comprising Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam, ASEAN encapsulates a melting pot of traditions, aspirations, and innovations. In the face of the digital era’s rapid advancements, the ASEAN has embarked on a pioneering journey to harness the potential of Artificial Intelligence (AI) while ensuring ethical governance and responsible innovation across its member states. The ASEAN AI Governance Framework emerges as a cornerstone in this quest, setting forth principles and guidelines to steer the region towards a future where technology serves humanity’s best interests.


Internal Governance Structures and Measures

Central to the ASEAN AI Governance Framework is the establishment of robust internal governance structures. These mechanisms are designed to ensure that AI systems are developed and deployed in a manner that upholds ethical standards, respects human rights, and promotes societal well-being. Internal governance encompasses a spectrum of policies and procedures aimed at achieving transparency, accountability, and integrity within organisations.

Organisations are encouraged to adopt a multi-disciplinary approach, integrating insights from legal, ethical, technical, and business perspectives. This holistic view facilitates a comprehensive understanding of AI’s impacts and the development of strategies to mitigate potential risks. Ethical AI committees and oversight bodies play a crucial role in this process, providing guidance and monitoring compliance with established norms and standards.


Determining the Level of Human Involvement in AI-Augmented Decision Making

The interplay between human intelligence and artificial intelligence poses profound ethical questions, particularly regarding decision-making processes. The ASEAN AI Governance Framework advocates for a balanced approach, where human oversight remains a pivotal element in AI-augmented systems. This principle ensures that AI decisions are subject to human review, especially in critical areas affecting individual rights and societal values.

Organisations are tasked with defining clear protocols for human intervention, ensuring that decisions made by AI systems can be explained, justified, and, if necessary, revised by human operators. This approach not only enhances trust in AI technologies but also preserves human agency and accountability.


Operations Management

Effective operations management is crucial for the responsible deployment of AI systems. The ASEAN AI Governance Framework highlights the importance of rigorous testing, monitoring, and reporting practices to ensure AI systems perform as intended and do not inadvertently cause harm.

Organisations are encouraged to implement continuous monitoring mechanisms to detect and address biases, inaccuracies, or unintended consequences of AI systems. Regular audits and impact assessments are recommended to evaluate AI systems’ social, economic, and ethical implications, facilitating timely adjustments and improvements.


Stakeholder Interaction and Communication

Engagement and transparency with stakeholders are pivotal in building trust and fostering an inclusive AI ecosystem. The ASEAN AI Governance Framework calls for open dialogue and cooperation among all stakeholders, including governments, private sector entities, civil society, and the general public.

Organisations should proactively communicate their AI practices, policies, and impacts, ensuring that stakeholders are well-informed and able to express their views and concerns. This inclusive approach not only enriches the AI development process with diverse perspectives but also strengthens societal acceptance and support for AI innovations.



The ASEAN AI Governance Framework sets a visionary path for its member countries, highlighting the critical role of ethical governance in unlocking AI’s transformative potential while safeguarding fundamental values and rights. As we stand on the brink of an AI-driven future, the principles of internal governance, human involvement, operations management, and stakeholder engagement serve as pillars supporting the responsible and beneficial integration of AI technologies into our societies. Through adherence to these guidelines, ASEAN nations are poised to lead by example, demonstrating how technology can be harnessed to advance development, enhance human welfare, and ensure a harmonious coexistence between humanity and the digital frontier.


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